Tires are crucial for your car’s movement. You should choose a tire according to your needs and type of terrain, and weather. Car tires can be divided into a wide array of categories depending upon the terrain, type of weather, and tread pattern. Whether you are a new car owner or driving it for a long time, you will need to replace your car tires. You can’t just rely upon a tire seller to choose the perfect tire for your car.
This article will help you understand the usage of different types of tires, and hence you will be able to choose the best tire that suits your car needs.
Starting with the classification of car tires based on tread pattern, we have:-
As you can have an idea from the name, these tires have their design such that they have symmetric tread patterns. Having a symmetric tread pattern means the inside and outside of the tire contact surface have a similar tread pattern. These tires are highly efficient and have lower rolling friction. They also increase handling efficiency. You can fit a symmetric tread pattern tire without worrying about the direction of travel.
Tires with asymmetric tread patterns have different tread patterns on the inside and outside contact surface area. The inside tread pattern design is such that it dissipates water more efficiently, and the tread pattern of the external surface is such that it delivers better grip while cornering sharp curves. Like symmetric tires, asymmetric tires also increase handling efficiency. These tires can perform well over wet surfaces. Symmetric tread pattern tires can fit on either side of the vehicle. But remember, align the right side of the tire facing outwards.
The design of uni-directional tires is such that we can use them for only one-directional movement. These tires have a V-shaped tread pattern. This V-shaped tread pattern points forward in the same direction and meets at the center line. These tires perform well when we fit them along the direction mentioned by the manufacturer. The V-shaped tread pattern of these tires makes them perform well in wet as well as snowy conditions. Due to this reason, winter tires accommodate this type of tread pattern.
The next type of classification depends on weather conditions.
The design of summer tires is such that they can bear high temperatures. These tires consist of a rubber compound that reduces resistance and provides good fuel economy. This rubber compound also delivers maximum grip and efficient handling on dry and hot terrain. Summer tires mostly perform well above 7°c, and below this temperature, the rubber compound becomes brittle. Hence it is not suitable for lower temperatures. Summer tires have a more streamlined pattern than winter tires.
These tires are suitable for low-temperature conditions such as snow and ice. Winter tires consist of natural rubber that has the property to withstand low temperatures. This natural rubber does not harden or get brittle over low temperatures, and due to this, these tires can perform well even under 7°C. Winter tires have a specially designed tread pattern that reduces the stopping distance when brakes are applied.
These tires have a knobby tread design which provides better grip over snow and ice and reduces the risk of slippage.
As the name suggests, the design and manufacturing of these tires accommodate them to perform well in all weather conditions. However, no single tire is perfectly capable of taking on every weather condition. The design of these tires provides these tires the plus points of both summer and winter tires. However, these all-season tires are not better than winter tires for winter conditions and not better than summer tires for hot weather. But overall, they can perform moderately well in every weather condition.
Now, based on the type of terrain we have:
Mud terrain tires, as you can guess, are specifically formulated for muddy terrain or off riding. These tires feature bold tread blocks that provide better grip on off-road terrain. However, these tires are not suitable for on the road usage.
On-road tires have a formulation that accommodates their smooth movement over hard surfaces. If you own a car that is not suitable for off-road use, these tires are a perfect fit for your vehicle. These tires provide a better grip over the road and also helps to enhance fuel economy.
These tires are a hybrid option of on-road and off-road tires. All-terrain tires have a tread design bigger than on-road tires and smaller than off-road tires. Despite having a design that makes them fit to perform well on all types of terrain, they cannot perform better than off-road and on-road tires over their respective terrain type.
Apart from all these types of tires, we also have an exceptionally engineered tire type.
The run-flat tire can remain fully operational even if the air pressure decreases suddenly due to a puncture or any other issues. This property of run-flat tires will help you safely drive to your home or a nearby garage for tire repairing.
The negative point of these tires is that they are not repairable, and once they get punctured, it is hard to repair them.
These are the different types of car tires. Choose a tire according to your usage and weather. Car tires are also classified according to vehicle types like SUV tires or 4×4 tires. Although these 4×4 tires are the same off-road tires.